The prostate is a round gland, the size of a larger nut, located in the pelvic region (click to learn more). In short, the role of the prostate is to produce a white fluid that, together with spermatozoa, forms sperm. Also, the prostate surrounds the urethra (the tiny channel through which the urine is eliminated). Because of this, any prostate issues will also affect the urinary system.
Prostate problems can be a cause of major discomfort, especially among men over 40 years of age. Frequent urination at night, which leads to fatigue the next day. In addition, continuous discomfort in the intimate area. If you have these symptoms, it is very good to go to the doctor for a routine prostate check.
Symptoms of prostate problems
Symptoms of prostate problems can occur at any age. However, those most prone to such problems are men who are over 40 years old. Because the way the problems are manifested is similar, it is good to consult a doctor if you recognise these symptoms. The most common symptoms that indicate prostate problems are:
- general urinary problems
- incomplete emptying of the bladder
- the color of urine is not normal
- frequent urination, especially at night
- burning sensation while urinating
- the feeling of a full bladder, even though the bladder is only half full or less
- blood in the urine
- pain between scrotum and rectum (perineum)
- abdominal, groin or lower back pain
- pain in ejaculation
- very rarely, blood in the sperm
- pain or sensation of discomfort of the penis or testicles
Most common prostate problems
Enlarged prostate – probably the most common prostate problem. It causes a thickening of the gland, which leads to difficulty in urination.
Prostatitis – an inflammation of the prostate, most likely caused by an infection.
Prostate cancer – is the most serious problem, affecting a man out of seven. If caught in time and treated as soon as possible, prostate cancer has high chances of healing.
What to do to improve prostate health
You can greatly reduce the risk of prostate disease if you improve your lifestyle. In general, a healthy diet, an active lifestyle and regular check-ups at the doctor can prevent prostate problems. Also, genetic screening can help if there are already cases of prostate cancer in your family. Below we will examine in more detail each method of prevention and improvement of the prostate condition.
Regular checks at the doctor
If you are over 40 years (but not only) it is highly recommended to have regular prostate check up at the doctor. Not necessarily the classic control that all men are scared of, but at least an ultrasound. If you have problems with prostate cancer in the family, then it is mandatory to monitor your prostate health.
A healthy diet
Eat fruits and vegetables daily and avoid processed foods. It’s hard, but it can be done. A healthy diet will help not only the prostate, but the whole body. Avoid excess coffee, green tea, carbonated drinks and alcohol. Also, spicy foods (chilli, for example) can damage the prostate.
Try to exercise daily and avoid sedentary behaviour as much as possible. Remember that obesity is a risk factor in the development of prostate disease.
Maintain sexual hygiene and reduce stress
Try to maintain the best hygiene of the genital area. Also, protect yourself against sexually transmitted diseases by using a condom. Men who ejaculate more often have lower chances of developing prostate problems. Last but not least, try to have a more relaxed life. Stress also contributes to prostate disease, over time.